Formal education is a type of education or a form of learning that is structured and systematic. It takes place in a classroom and starts from elementary school through to secondary school, and further to colleges and universities. Under this form of education, students are taught basic academic skills.
Instruction and teaching in formal education are given by qualified and professional teachers. The environment of learning is organized and well-structured with set guidelines to keep discipline.
The methods of teaching and curriculum used are pre-scheduled, strict, planned, and deliberate. Learning is split into sections and semesters. At the end or completion of each section and semester, students’ performances and knowledge are tested using standardized tests and exams.
Characteristics of Formal Education:
- Well-structured, planned, and systematic: There is time for everything and a to-do-list or order is followed to achieve a set-out goal (Learning) everyday.
- Follows a specific and deliberate curriculum, and is subject-oriented: An up-to-date curriculum that will help studnsts learn with respect to the current trends of the society.
- Regular standardized tests and exams: A form of assessment for students to know how much they’ve learnt and a guide to grade their performace with respect to a percentage.
- Time-bound: You won’t stay in school forever; which implies that each level of education follows a curriculum that indicates when you have to move to a higher level or to take tougher courses.
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Advantages of Formal Education:
Certified courses recognized by institutions:
Unlike in informal education where there is no certification to show what you have learnt, the formal one gives you proof of learning from the school in which you learnt.
Discipline in students:
The presence of schedule, structure, and guidelines builds discipline in students. These guidelines help students to be organized and to help the align their life to a specific field or profession.
Easy access to jobs:
Organizations want to offer jobs to students who earned a degree from a specific course of study. This is because educational knowledge and experience are acquired under the supervision of professionally trained personnel.
Disadvantages of Formal Education:
Schedule is rigid and can lead to the limitation of the development of certain abilities in students.
More of this come into place when some students who are not academically inclined find it difficult to cope with the current system of learning.
The cost of going through school is not easy to get by; that is why most students find a side hustle to help fund the cost that come with learning and also being a student.
Negative Peer pressure:
Adoption of negative habits by students from peers is something that requires much discipline and dedication to cope with.
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Formal education gains you access to connections and relationships that’s can be built from meeting people that are from different parts of the work.
More of it comes from the exposure you gain from learning about the behaviour and lifestyle of a lot of people in school who can indirectly become your friends in some aspects.
Formal Education is good for every child in the world.
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