Momwe Mungapezere Chithandizo Chabwino Kwambiri cha Mental Health ku US5 kuwerenga

Mavuto azaumoyo wamisala akuwonjezera nkhawa padziko lonse lapansi. Malinga ndi ziŵerengero za kumaloko, mmodzi mwa akulu asanu alionse ku United States ali ndi matenda a maganizo.

Ngakhale ziwerengerozi, pafupifupi 60 peresenti ya anthuwa salandira chithandizo cha matenda awo. Chifukwa chachikulu chimene chikuchititsa kuti anthu asalandire chithandizo chamankhwala chimasiyanasiyana malinga ndi munthu.

Kumaphatikizaponso kuopa kusalidwa kapena kudzudzulidwa chifukwa cha mmene alili komanso kusamvetsetsana pa nkhani ya mphamvu ya chithandizo.

Mwazifukwa izi, kusowa kuzindikira za momwe mungapezere chithandizo chabwino kwambiri chamankhwala ku US imakhalabe pamwamba, ndi anthu ambiri akuvutika kuti amvetsetse momwe angayambire ulendo wawo wochira.

Momwe Mungapezere Chithandizo Chabwino Kwambiri cha Mental Health ku US: Njira Zoyamba Zopezera Thandizo

Kufunika kothana ndi kupsinjika maganizo, nkhawa, matenda ochititsa munthu kusinthasintha zochitika, komanso kukhala olimba m'maganizo sikunatsutsidwe.

Komabe, kupeza thandizo la akatswiri nthawi zina kungawoneke ngati kovuta chifukwa anthu ambiri amalephera kuzindikira momwe angayambire kufunafuna chithandizo.

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Zomwe zatchulidwa pansipa ndi zina zomwe mungachite kuti muyambitse kuchira kudzera munjira zoyenera:

1. Kufunafuna otumizira

Kutumiza kungafunsidwe kwa dokotala wabanja, ofesi ya zaumoyo yapafupi, atsogoleri achipembedzo, kapena malo ovutika.

2. Kampani ya Inshuwaransi

Makampani a inshuwaransi amatha kugwirizana ndi makasitomala awo kuti akonze mndandanda wa opereka chithandizo omwe ali mu dongosolo la inshuwaransi ndipo amatha kuthana ndi vuto lazadzidzidzi.

3. US Department of Veterans Affairs

Dipatimenti ya US Department of Veterans Affairs ndiye gwero lodalirika kwambiri lopezera chithandizo chamankhwala amisala kwa omenyera nkhondo oyenerera.

4. Kugwiritsa Ntchito Mankhwala Osokoneza Bongo ndi Utumiki Waumoyo Wamaganizo

Kugwiritsa Ntchito Mankhwala Osokoneza Bongo ndi Mental Health Services Administration, kapena SAMSHA, yakhala ikugwira ntchito limodzi ndi anthu omwe akulimbana ndi vuto limodzi kapena zingapo zamisala kuti awalumikizane ndi chithandizo chotsika mtengo komanso chothandiza.

5. Community Mental Health Community

Gawo lachipatala chachipatala chapafupi kapena malo azaumoyo ammudzi atha kupereka chithandizo ndi ntchito zotsika mtengo kapena zaulere pogwiritsa ntchito sikelo yotsetsereka.

Ntchitozi nthawi zambiri zimaperekedwa ndi boma ndipo amapatsidwa udindo wotumikira anthu omwe ali ndi "zofunikira za chiwerengero cha anthu" zomwe zimafotokozedwa ndi Dipatimenti ya Mental Health.

6. Pulogalamu Yothandizira Ogwira Ntchito

Makampani ambiri amapereka Employee Assistance Program (EAP) momwe munthu angatumizire kwa wothandizira zaumoyo.

Zambiri zokhudzana ndi pulogalamuyi zitha kupezeka ku Dipatimenti ya Human Resources.

Kusankha Katswiri Wabwino wa Mental Health

Chimodzi mwazinthu zofunika kwambiri kuti mupeze chithandizo chabwino kwambiri chamankhwala ku US ndikudziwiratu mitundu ya akatswiri azamisala.

Kudziwa izi kungathandize anthu kupanga chisankho choyenera ndikutsata chithandizo chawo moyenera.

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1. Katswiri wa zamaganizo

Katswiri wa zamaganizo amanena za dokotala yemwe ali ndi maphunziro apadera ozindikira ndi kuchiza matenda a maganizo ndi maganizo.

Mofanana ndi madokotala ena, akhoza kupereka mankhwala kuti athetse zizindikiro za vuto linalake.

2. Mwana/Adolescent Psychiatrist

A psychiatrist ana ali ndi chidwi chozindikira ndi kuchiza zovuta zamakhalidwe ndi malingaliro mwa ana ndi achinyamata ochepera zaka 17.

3. Katswiri wa zamaganizo

Katswiri wa zamaganizo ali ndi digiri ya udokotala mu psychology yotsatiridwa ndi zaka ziwiri zaukadaulo woyang'aniridwa.

Akatswiri oterowo amaphunzitsidwa kupanga matenda ndikupereka chithandizo chamunthu payekha komanso gulu koma sangathe kupereka mankhwala.

4. Katswiri Wauphungu Wachiphatso

Mlangizi amatchula katswiri wa zamaganizo yemwe ali ndi digiri ya master mu upangiri, psychology, kapena gawo lofananira.

Amaphunzitsidwa kuzindikira ndi kupereka uphungu wapayekha ndi gulu kwa odwala matenda amisala.

5. Clinical Social Worker

Katswiri wa zachipatala ndi mlangizi yemwe ali ndi digiri ya master mu social work yemwe angathandize anthu omwe akulimbana ndi matenda amisala kudzera mu uphungu.

6. Mlangizi Waumoyo

Mlangizi wa zaumoyo ali ndi a digiri yachiwiri ndi zaka zingapo zogwira ntchito zachipatala kuthandiza anthu omwe ali ndi vuto lamisala kuti achire.

6. Mlangizi Wovomerezeka wa Mowa ndi Mankhwala Osokoneza Bongo

Mlangizi wogwiritsa ntchito mowa mwauchidakwa ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo amakhala ndi maphunziro apadera okhudzana ndi mowa ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo komanso njira zopangira umboni za munthu payekha komanso gulu.

7. Wothandizira Banja ndi Banja

Katswiri wa zankhondo ndi mabanja ndi katswiri yemwe ali ndi digiri ya masters, maphunziro apadera, komanso maphunziro okhudza mabanja ndi mabanja.

8. Phungu Waubusa

Phungu Waubusa ndi membala wachipembedzo yemwe amakhala ndi maphunziro a ubusa azachipatala. Amaphunzitsidwa kuzindikira zovuta zamalingaliro ndikupereka upangiri pawokha ndi gulu kuti athe kuthana nazo.

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Masitepe Otsatira

Katswiri wa zamisala akasankhidwa, masitepe otsatirawa akuphatikizapo kukonza nthawi yoti akambirane nawo mwachindunji, makamaka pafoni.

Amalangizidwanso kuti afunse za njira yawo, filosofi, zidziwitso, ndi ndemanga.

Paulendo woyamba, dokotala wosankhidwa kapena dokotala angayambe ndikuyesa kudya komwe kumaphatikizapo kutengera mbiri yakale.

Pa gawoli, wothandizira angafunse za vutoli, moyo wonse, mbiri yakale yachipatala ndi yamisala, ndi zina zotero.

Chidziwitsochi chimasungidwa mwachinsinsi ndipo chimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi katswiri kuti awone kuopsa kwa zomwe zikuchitika ndikupanga pulogalamu yogwirizana nayo.

Pamene anthu akupita patsogolo m’njira yochiritsira, amapeza mpumulo ku nkhawa zawo, amakhoza kupanga zosankha, kukhala odzidalira, ndi kupeza chitonthozo chowonjezereka mu maunansi awo ndi ena.

Kumbukirani kuti chithandizo chingakhale chosasangalatsa komanso chopweteka koma pamapeto pake chikhoza kubweretsa chipambano ndi kusankha koyenera komanso kulimbikitsidwa kwakukulu.

Chodabwitsa; Ndikukhulupirira kuti nkhaniyi yayankha funso lanu.

Malangizo a Mkonzi:

Ngati mwapeza kuti nkhaniyi ndi yabwino, chonde gawanani ndi mnzanu.