Izifundo ezili-11 eziGqwesileyo zeKhompyutha zaBantwana (Izizathu, ii-FAQs) | 2023

IiKhosi zeKhompyutha zaBantwana ziiklasi ezonwabisayo zolutsha ukuba lufunde ngeekhompyuter, iikhowudi, kunye nokwenza imidlalo elula.

Ezi khosi zenziwa ukuba zonwabisa kwaye kube lula ukuziqonda, ukunceda abantwana babe nomdla kwizinto zobuchwepheshe ngelixa besonwabile.

Bafumana ukudlala kwaye bafunde izakhono ezibalulekileyo zekhompyuter ngexesha elinye.

Kutheni le nto abantwana kufuneka bathathe iiKhosi zeKhompyutha?

  1. Bafunda indlela yokusebenzisa iikhomputha kunye nokudala izinto ezifana nemidlalo okanye iinkqubo ezilula, ezizonwabisayo neziluncedo.
  2. Ibanceda bacinge ngcono kwaye basombulule iingxaki.
  3. Balungiselela ikamva apho iikhompyuter ziya kubaluleka ngakumbi.
  4. Yindlela elungileyo yokufumana izinto ezintsha zokuzonwabisa okanye umdla kwitekhnoloji.
  5. Banokwenza izinto ezipholileyo kwaye babonise abahlobo kunye nosapho, nto leyo eyonwabisayo kwaye inomvuzo.

IiKhosi zeKhompyutha zaBantwana

1. Fundisa Abantwana Bakho kwiKhowudi: Funda kwiNkqubo yePython nakweyiphi na iminyaka!

The Fundisa Abantwana Bakho ukuKhowuda: Funda ukuCwangcisa iPython nangayiphi na iminyaka! Ikhosi inceda wena kunye nabantwana bakho ukuba nifunde ukwenza usetyenziso olumnandi kunye nemibalabala kunye nemidlalo usebenzisa iPython, ulwimi oludumileyo nolunamandla lwekhowudi olusetyenziswa ziinkampani ezinkulu kunye nezikolo kwihlabathi liphela.

Esi sifundo siyonwabisa kubazali, ootitshala nakubafundi njengoko befunda izakhono ezixabisekileyo zomsebenzi kunye.

IPython sisiqalo esihle kakhulu sabaqalayo, kwaye ikwasetyenziswa ziingcali kwiindawo ezinje ngoGoogle kunye ne-IBM.

Ikhosi ibonelela ngemizekelo yekhowudi ekhutshelwayo kunye nezifundo ezicacileyo zevidiyo ezikhokelwa ngutitshala onamava amaninzi ekufundiseni nasekudwebeni.

Emva kokugqiba ikhosi, ufumana isatifikethi esibonisa into oyifundileyo.

2. Inkqubo yaBantwana kunye nabaQalayo: Funda ukuKhowuda kwi-Scratch

"UkuCwangciswa kwaBantwana kunye nabaQalayo: Funda ukuKhowuda kwi-Scratch" yenye yezona zifundo eziphezulu zekhompyuter zaBantwana.

Le khosi ikunceda ukuba ufunde ikhowudi kwizinto ezisisiseko usebenzisa isixhobo esimnandi esibizwa ngokuba yiScratch, esenziwe nguMIT.

Umkrwelo wenza ukuba ukufunda ukubhalwa kwekhowudi kuve njengokudlala umdlalo. Kule khosi, uya kuzenzela eyakho imidlalo kunye nee-apps ezandleni.

Eyona nto ikhethekileyo ngale khosi sisimbo sokufundisa esiye sacokiswa ngaphezu kweminyaka emi-4.

Iquka izihloko ezahlukeneyo zesayensi yekhompyutha ngendlela eyonwabisayo ngokusebenzisa abalinganiswa, oopopayi, kunye nemizekelo ekulula ukuyiqonda, eyenza ukufunda kube mnandi kwaye kungantsonkothanga.

3. Ukufakwa kweeKhowudi kuBantwana - iNkqubo yokuQala yabaQalayo

Ikhosi “yeCoding for Kids – Scratch Programming for Beginners” ikwazisa kwiScratch, isoftware elula nenobubele yokufunda inkqubo.

Yenziwe nge-interface ekulula ukuyisebenzisa kunye nenqaku lokutsala kunye nokulahla, liyenza ilungele abantwana kunye nabaqalayo ukuba bafunde izakhono ezisisiseko zokubhala iikhowudi ngelixa uzonwabisa ngokwenza imidlalo okanye ezinye iiprojekthi.

Kule khosi, ufunda ngokwenza iiprojekthi ngokwenene.

Usuka kwenye iprojekthi uye kwenye, ufunda izimvo ezibalulekileyo zekhowudi ezinje ngeelophu, iimeko, inkqubo ejolise kwizinto, kunye nosasazo ukwenza inkqubo yakho isebenze ngendlela ofuna ngayo.

Iiprojekthi ziyonwabile kwaye ziyabandakanya, zinceda abantwana ukuba banikele ingqalelo epheleleyo kwaye bafunde iikhonsepthi ngempumelelo ngakumbi.

4. IKhowudi yaBantwana: Masenze Imidlalo!

“Abantwana abaKhowudayo: Masenze Imidlalo!” ikhosi inika isiqalo friendly kwaye eyonwabisayo ukwenza umdlalo, ukufundisa iziseko ukhowudo kunye nendlela ukuyila imidlalo.

Injongo kukwenza abantwana babe nemincili kwaye bakhululeke ngokubhala iikhowudi kunye nokudala imidlalo. Ikwayindlela epholileyo yabantwana abanobuchule bokubonisa izimvo zabo ngokwenza imidlalo yabo.

Ikhosi ineeyure ezingaphezulu kwesithathu ezinesiqingatha zezinto zokufunda, kubandakanywa nezifundo ezingama-38.

Uya kufunda iziseko ngokwenza imidlalo emine eyahlukeneyo kwasekuqaleni.

Ngaphezu koko, unokukhuphela iifayile zeprojekthi kwisifundo ngasinye oza kusisebenzisa nge-Construct 2 njengoko uqhubeka nekhosi.

5. Inkqubo yaBantwana kunye nabaQalayo: Funda iKhowudi kwiPython

"UkuCwangciswa kwaBantwana kunye nabaQalayo: Funda ukuKhowuda kwiPython" yenye yezifundo eziphambili zekhompyuter zaBantwana.

Le khosi yenzelwe abasaqalayo abangenamava ekhowudi.

Sisiqalo esihle ukuba ukulungele ukufunda iPython. Utitshala wesi sifundo nguSekhar Metla, injineli yesoftware eneminyaka engama-20 yamava omsebenzi.

USekhar ukwadale iikhosi ezininzi ezidumileyo ze-intanethi kwi-Udemy, enceda abafundi abangaphezu kwama-50,000 abavela kumazwe amaninzi.

Unesidanga seMasters kwiComputer Applications kubuNjineli beSoftware.

Abafundi bakhe bathi unomdla, uyasebenza kwaye uyakhuthaza xa efundisa.

6. Advanced Scratch Programming for Kids

Ikhosi ye "Advanced Scratch Programming for Kids" yenzelwe ukufunda ngezandla apho wenza imidlalo kunye neeapps wedwa.

Yintoni eyahlula le khosi yindlela yokufundisa esetyenziswa ngaphezu kweminyaka emi-4.

Igubungela izihloko ezahlukeneyo zesayensi yekhompyuter ngendlela eyonwabisayo, ifihla iindawo ezinobuqhinga emva kwabalinganiswa, oopopayi, kunye nemizekelo ekulula ukuyifumana.

Ikhosi isoloko ihlaziywa ngomxholo omtsha, iingcebiso, kunye namaqhinga okusebenzisa kwimidlalo yakho kunye neeprojekthi.

7. Fundisa iPython kubantwana abaneminyaka eyi-8 ukuya kweli-10

"Fundisa iPython kubantwana abaneminyaka eyi-8 ukuya kweli-10" yenye yezifundo eziphambili zekhompyuter zaBantwana.

Le khosi ibonelela ngesikhokelo esihle kakhulu sokuba ootitshala bazise inkqubo yePython kwiiseshoni ezili-12 kuphela ngeevidiyo, imizobo, imizekelo yekhowudi, kunye nezabelo.

Ukuba ungumfundisi-ntsapho, umzali, okanye umgcini, le khosi iyakumema ukuba uphonononge isikhokelo sokubandakanya kwiPython Programming ejolise ekuncedeni abantwana abaneminyaka esi-8 ukuya kweli-10 ukuba bafunde iikhowudi.

Izixhobo zekhosi, kubandakanywa iividiyo zokufundisa kunye neetekisi, zenziwe ngesiNgesi esilula kunye namagama aqondakala lula, okwenza inkqubo yokufunda igudiswe kwaye yonwabe.

8. IPython eSekwe kwiProjekthi yeProjekthi yaBantwana kunye nabaQalayo

Ikhosi ye "Project Based Python Programming For Kids & Beginners" ikunceda ukuba ufunde izakhono ezibalulekileyo kwiPython, ulwimi oluphezulu lwenkqubo olusetyenziswa ziinkampani ezinkulu ezifana neGoogle, i-Facebook, i-Amazon, kunye ne-smart startups. I-Python ikwadume ngomsebenzi wesayensi kunye nokuhlalutya idatha.

Ikhosi ikhokela indlela yokuseta iPython kunye nokusebenzisa iMicrosoft Visual Code, isixhobo esinamandla sokubhala ikhowudi.

Uya kufumana ikhowudi kunye kwaye uziqhelanise nemizekelo yekhowudi yokwenyani enikwe kwikhosi ngeentetho zevidiyo.

Ividiyo nganye yazisa icebo lokucwangcisa eliluncedo onokulisebenzisa ngoko nangoko, kwaye imibuzo inceda ukuqinisekisa ukuba uyayiqonda into oyifundileyo.

9. Khowuda iWebhusayithi yakho yokuQala ngeHTML kunye neCSS yaBantwana kunye nabaQalayo

Ikhosi ethi "Khowuda iWebhusayithi yakho yokuQala ngeHTML kunye neCSS yaBantwana kunye nabaQalayo" sisiqalo esihle kwabo batsha kwiikhowudi.

Yenzelwe abasaqalayo; awudingi naluphi na ulwazi lwekhowudi yangaphambili ukuze utsibe.

Le khosi ijolise ebantwaneni kunye nabani na omtsha kwikhowudi ofuna ukufunda iHTML kunye neCSS ukusuka ekuqaleni.

Konke malunga nekhowudi yewebhusayithi yakho, ungasebenzisi i-WordPress okanye abanye abakhi bewebhusayithi eyenziwe kwangaphambili.

Ukuba ukhangela izifundo ezinxulumene-WordPress, kukho enye ikhosi enikezelwa ngumqeqeshi ofanayo onokufuna ukujonga.

10. Ukufakwa kweekhowudi kubantwana: Funda ukwenza inkqubo ngeMinecraft

Ikhosi “yokuKhowuda kuBantwana: Funda ukuCwangcisa ngeMinecraft” yenye yezifundo eziphambili zekhompyuter zaBantwana.

Le khosi yenzelwe abantwana abaneminyaka eyi-8 ukuya kwi-14 kunye nabaqalayo abathanda ukuhlola nokufunda.

Le khosi ibonelela ngendlela eyonwabisayo nebandakanyayo yokufunda iziseko zenkqubo ngelixa udlala umdlalo odumileyo we-intanethi, uMinecraft, ongenaxinzelelo kwaye uvumela inkululeko yokuyila.

Abafundi abaninzi bafumanisa ukuba yeyona ndlela ilungileyo yokucela umngeni kwiingqondo zabo. Ikhosi iza nokufikelela ngokukhululekileyo kwiqonga le-Visualmodder, elilawulwa yiComputer Association yaseTicino eSwitzerland.

Nangona iqonga lisoloko likhona, akukho siqinisekiso sokuba liya kufumaneka 100% yexesha.

Le khosi ijonge ukwazisa abantwana kunye nabaqalayo abadala kwiprogram ngendlela eyonwabisayo.

Izifundo zinobuhlobo kwabaqalayo kodwa zilungele abo banolwazi lwangaphambili lwekhowudi.

11. ICoding MasterClass yabantwana: Iikati, iiRobhothi, kunye neePython!

I-"Coding MasterClass yaBantwana: Iikati, iiRobhothi, kunye neePython!" yikhosi eyodwa apho abantwana, abantu abadala abancinci, kunye nabani na onomdla banokufunda iikhowudi ngeScratch 3.0, iRobhothi, iPython, kunye nokunye.

Nangona ikhosi ifundisa ukubhalwa kweekhowudi, idlulela ngaphaya koko.

Yazisa abafundi kwiComputational Thinking, ibalungiselela ikamva elichulumancisayo elinxulumene neFourth Industrial Revolution (4IR).

Ikhosi isebenzisa iScratch 3.0 njengenyathelo lokungena kwindawo enkulu kunye nenomdla ngakumbi.

Ngaphandle kokuyiqonda, abafundi baya kubamba iikhonsepthi ezintsonkothileyo ezinje ngoKubohla, ukuNakana kwePateni, ukuThatha, kunye noYilo lwe-algorithm.

Ezi zifundiswa ngendlela ekulula ukuyiqonda, zenza ukufunda kube mnandi kwaye kuxabiseke njengoko abafundi benyathela kwihlabathi elibanzi lekhowudi kunye neteknoloji.

Ii-FAQ kwiiKhosi zeKhompyutha zaBantwana

Yeyiphi iminyaka efanelekileyo ukuba abantwana baqalise izifundo zekhompyuter?

Ngokuqhelekileyo kufanelekile ukuba abantwana baqale ukufunda iziseko zekhompyutha kunye nekhowudi kwiminyaka eyi-6 ukuya kwe-8. Nangona kunjalo, ubudala obufanelekileyo bunokwahluka ngokusekelwe kukulungela kunye nomdla ngamnye. Uninzi lwezifundo zekhompyuter zabantwana ziyilelwe ukubonelela abafundi abancinci, ukwenza ukufunda kube mnandi kwaye kumnandi.

Ngaba abantwana bafuna ulwazi lwangaphambili ngaphambi kokuba baqale ikhosi yekhompyuter?

Hayi akunjalo! Uninzi lwezifundo zekhompyuter zabantwana zenzelwe abaqalayo ngokupheleleyo. Ngokuqhelekileyo baqala ngeziseko kwaye ngokuthe ngcembe bakha ukusuka apho. Nangona kunjalo, ukujonga inkcazo yekhosi ukuqinisekisa ukuba iyahambelana nenqanaba lezakhono zomntwana kusoloko kungumbono olungileyo.

Izifundo zekhompyuter zinokubanceda njani abantwana?

Izifundo zekhompyuter zinokunceda abantwana baphuhlise ukucinga okunzulu kunye nezakhono zokusombulula iingxaki. Bakwabonelela ngendlela eyonwabisayo yokufunda ingqiqo, ukuyila, kunye nokufumana ukuqonda kwangaphambili kwetekhnoloji kunye nekhowudi, enokuba luncedo kwihlabathi lanamhlanje eliqhutywa yitekhnoloji.

Zeziphi iintlobo zezifundo zekhompyuter ezifumanekayo kubantwana?

Izifundo ezahlukeneyo zigubungela izakhono ezisisiseko zekhompyuter, ikhowudi, uyilo lomdlalo, oopopayi, kunye nerobhothi. Iilwimi zenkqubo ezidumileyo zabantwana ziquka iScratch, iPython, kunye neJavaScript. Ukukhetha izifundo ezisekelwe kwizinto anomdla kuzo umntwana kuluncedo kakhulu ekwenzeni ukufunda kube mnandi kwaye kube nentsingiselo.

isiphelo

IiKhosi zeKhompyutha zaBantwana yindlela eqaqambileyo yokwazisa iingqondo eziselula kwihlabathi elinomdla letekhnoloji.

Abantwana banokuqala ukuqonda iikhomputha kunye nekhowudi ngokufunda okudlalayo kunye nezifundo ezilula, ezonwabileyo.

Oku kuvezwa kwangethuba kunokuvuselela umdla ohlala ixesha elide, kuvula indlela yekamva eliqaqambileyo, elinobuchwepheshe obunolwazi.

Iingcebiso zomhleli:

Ukuba ufumana eli nqaku lilungile, nceda wabelane ngalo nomhlobo.

Uche Paschal
Uche Paschal

U-Uche Paschal ngumbhali oqeqeshiweyo nonomdla we-SEO kwimfundo, kubandakanya nesikolo sasekhaya, iingcebiso zekholeji, isikolo esiphakamileyo, kunye neengcebiso zokuhamba.

Ubhale amanqaku ngaphezu kweminyaka emi-5. UliGosa eliyiNtloko lokuQulathiweyo kwiSikolo kunye nokuHamba.

Uche Paschal unesidanga kwiSayensi yeKhompyutha kwiziko elaziwayo. Kwakhona, unomdla wokunceda abantu ukuba bafikelele kumathuba okwenza imali kwi-intanethi.

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