Izikolo ezi-5+ zobuNjineli ezineNqanaba zoKwamkelwa okuphezulu | 20237 min funda

Izikolo zobuNjineli ezineReyithi eziPhezulu zoKwamkelwa: Ubunjineli, ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo, yenye yezinto ezibalulekileyo ehlabathini namhlanje.

Eli candelo linoxanduva lokuphuhlisa oomatshini, izixhobo, kunye nezakhiwo ezisombulula iingxaki zoluntu.

Uqeqesho lobunjineli lukwagxile ekwenzeni uphuculo kwiinkqubo zangoku, iimveliso kunye nezixhobo.

Nangona kunjalo, ukuze uzilolonge njengenjineli, kufuneka uye kwisikolo esibonelela ngeenkqubo zobunjineli kwaye ufumane isidanga.

Ngaphaya koko, ukuba awunawo awona mabanga abalaseleyo okukungenisa kuzo naziphi na iikholeji zobunjineli ezikumgangatho wehlabathi, eli nqaku licetyiswa kuwe.

Ixoxa ngezona zikolo zibalaseleyo zobunjineli ezinamazinga aphezulu okwamkelwa abonelela ngomgangatho olungileyo wemfundo kwaye azinazo iimfuno ezinzima zokwamkelwa.

Yintoni Ubunjineli?

Ubunjineli licandelo eligxile ekusetyenzisweni kwemigaqo yenzululwazi ukwenza nokuphuhlisa izixhobo, izakhiwo kunye noomatshini.

Ubunjineli benziwe ziinkalo ezininzi zobungcali.

Olu qeqesho lwenza utshintsho oluxabisekileyo kwiinkqubo ezikhoyo, iimveliso kunye nezixhobo.

Idlala indima enkulu kuphuhliso loluntu.

Izizathu eziphezulu zokuba yiNjineli

Nazi ezinye zezona zizathu zibalulekileyo zokuba ube yinjineli:

1. Iindawo ezininzi zeengcali

Ubunjineli licandelo elibonelela ngeenkalo ezininzi zobungcali.

Oku kukuvumela ukuba ugxile kwindawo oyithandayo kwaye ehambelana nomdla wakho.

Ezinye iindawo eziqhelekileyo zobuchwephesha bobunjineli zi Ubunjineli bebhayiloji, i-petroleum yobunjineli, injineli yombane, Imekhenikhali yenjineri, injineri yezendlela, zobunjineli, nabanye abaninzi.

2. Zininzi iindlela onokukhetha kuzo amakhondo omsebenzi

Ngaphaya kweendawo eziphambili zobuchwephesha kwinkalo yobunjineli, kusekho iindawo ezingaphantsi kwezobuchwephesha.

Umzekelo, ukuba uqalisa umsebenzi wobunjineli bepetroleum, unokukhetha i-sub-specialty efana nobunjineli bedama, ubunjineli bokomba, okanye ubunjineli bemveliso.

Oku kwandisa iinketho zakho kwaye kukuvumela ukuba ukhethe into engakhange ixhatshazwe kakhulu ukuba ulungele umngeni.

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3. Ithemba lomsebenzi

Uphando lubonise ukuba kuya kubakho ukunyuka okukhulu kwemfuno yeenjineli kwihlabathi liphela kwiminyaka ezayo.

Iinkampani ezininzi zobunjineli ngoku ziqeshe abasebenzi abaninzi kunangaphambili.

4. Umvuzo ophezulu

Iinjineli zezinye zeengcali ezihlawulwa kakhulu kwihlabathi. Ezi ngcali zifumana i-avareji ye-70,000 yeedola kwimivuzo minyaka le.

Nangona kunjalo, imivuzo yeenjineli yahluka ngokwendawo yabo yobungcali, iziqinisekiso zemfundo, inqanaba lamava, kunye nendawo yokusebenza.

5. Amathuba okudala impembelelo kuluntu

Iinjineli ziphuhlisa izisombululo kwimingeni uluntu olujongene nayo. Bajongene nokuza neetekhnoloji ezenza ubomi bubengcono.

Nangona kunjalo, ngelixa uhlobo lwesisombululo onokuthi ulunikeze njengenjineli luya kuxhomekeka kwindawo yakho ekhethekileyo, ukuba yinjineli kuyanelisa kuba kukunika ithuba lokuchukumisa ubomi obuqinisekileyo.

6. Ukuphucula ubuchule bokuyila

Iinjineli zivavanya iingxaki ukufumana ezona zisombululo zisebenzayo.

Ukuphumeza oku akuyonto ilula kwaye kufuna izakhono ezinkulu zokuyila kunye nomonde wokuhlala uvavanya izisombululo ezahlukeneyo de kufunyenwe esombulula ingxaki ngokugqibeleleyo.

Kuya kufuneka ube nomdla kakhulu wokuphumelela njengenjineli.

Ukuziqhelanisa njengenjineli kuya kuphucula ubuchule bakho bokuyila. 

7. Intlonipho

Iinjineli zezinye zezona ngcali zihlonitshwayo kwihlabathi.

Ke, ukuba yinjineli kuya kukuzisela ukuqondwa, njengoko amalungu oluntu ejonga iinjineli ngegalelo labo eluntwini.

Izikolo zobuNjineli eziPhezulu eUnited States ezinamaqondo aphakamileyo oKwamkelwa

1. IYunivesithi yePurus

IYunivesithi yasePurdue sesinye sezona zikolo zibalaseleyo zobunjineli eUnited States, ezinezinga eliphezulu lokwamkelwa.

Nangona kulula ukufumana ukwamkelwa kule nkqubo yesidanga sobunjineli, esi sikolo sibonelela ngemfundo ekumgangatho wehlabathi.

IYunivesithi yasePurdue ithathwa kakhulu eluntwini, kwaye esi sikolo sivelise iinjineli ngaphezulu kwenkulungwane.

Abafundi abathweswe izidanga kwiinkqubo zobunjineli kweli ziko lemfundo bakufumanisa kulula ukufumana umsebenzi, kwaye uninzi luthatha iindima zobunkokeli ebaleni.

IYunivesithi yasePurdue sisikolo esigqwesileyo kwimfundo yobunjineli eMelika.

2. Texas A&M University, College Station

IYunivesithi yaseTexas A&M, kwiSikhululo seKholeji, sesinye isikolo semfundo yobunjineli ebalaseleyo esinezinga eliphezulu lokwamkelwa.

Esi sikolo sidume ngokuvelisa izidanga zobunjineli abanolwazi olunzulu ngezakhono zabo zobunjineli kwaye banokwenza imisebenzi yabo ngokufanelekileyo ngaphandle kokutyeshela imigangatho yobuchwephesha neenqobo ezisesikweni.

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Ngaphaya koko, iinkqubo zobunjineli zeYunivesithi yaseTexas A&M zeKholeji yeKholeji zixhobisa abafundi ngezakhono kunye nobuchule bokusingatha ezona ngxaki zinzima eluntwini.

Esi sikolo sihlala sizibophelele ekuzinziseni imeko yemfundo ephucula ukufunda kudidi oluphezulu.

IYunivesithi yaseTexas A&M, kwiSikhululo seKholeji, ikwatyala imali eninzi kuphando kwicandelo lobunjineli.

Uninzi lwabaphumelele ubunjineli kwiYunivesithi yaseTexas A&M, kwiSikhululo seKholeji, bafunwa kakhulu kwihlabathi liphela.

3. IYunivesithi yase-Illinois e-Urbana-Champaign

IYunivesithi yase-Illinois e-Urbana-Champaign sesinye sezona zikolo zibalaseleyo zobunjineli ezinamazinga aphezulu okwamkelwa.

Ikholeji yobunjineli kule yunivesithi idumileyo, eyaziwa ngokuba yiGrainger College of Engineering, yenye yezona ndawo zibalaseleyo kwihlabathi kwimfundo yobunjineli kunye nophando.

IKholeji yeGrainger yobuNjineli iqhutywa luluntu olunamalungu obuhlakani abaluleke kakhulu iindlela ezahlukeneyo zomsebenzi.

Esi sikolo sikhuthaza intsebenziswano phakathi kwabafundi baso kunye namalungu obuhlakani.

Ngaphaya koko, abafundi kwiKholeji yobuNjineli yaseGrainger bathathwe kumazwe angaphezu kwe-100, beyila imeko-bume yokufunda eyahluka-hlukeneyo ngokwenkcubeko ethi inyuse ukusebenza kwezemfundo.

Ngaphezulu kwe-200 yezigidi zeedola ezifakwe kuphando minyaka le, esi sikolo liziko eliphambili lophando eUnited States.

Abafundi bobunjineli kwiYunivesithi yase-Illinois e-Urbana-Champaign bafunda kumagumbi okufundela akumgangatho wehlabathi, iilebhu, amaziko ophando, kunye namaziko.

4. IKholeji yobuNjineli yaseVirginia

IKholeji yobuNjineli yaseVirginia sisikolo sobunjineli esikhokelayo eUnited States esinezinga eliphezulu lokwamkelwa.

Eli ziko lemfundo libonelela ngendlela ebonakalayo kwimfundo ephakamisa ulwazi kunye nobuchule babafundi kakhulu kwaye ibaqeqeshe ukuba babe ziinkokeli kunye nabasombululi beengxaki kuluntu.

IKholeji yobuNjineli yaseVirginia Tech ithe gqolo ivelisa izidanga zobunjineli malunga neminyaka eli-150 kwaye ityale imali eninzi kuphando lokufumana izisombululo kwezinye zeengxaki ezijongene noluntu.

Inkqubo yezifundo kwesi sikolo ibanzi, kwaye isikolo sikwanazo iindawo zokufunda ezininzi ezizezona zibalaseleyo emhlabeni.

5. IYunivesithi yaseMontana Technological

IYunivesithi yaseMontana Technological lelinye iziko lemfundo yobunjineli ekumgangatho ophezulu elinezinga eliphezulu lokwamkelwa.

Esi sikolo sibonelela ngeenkqubo zobunjineli ezininzi ezifunwa kakhulu ngoku kwihlabathi liphela.

IYunivesithi yaseMontana Technological ineendawo ezininzi zokufunda ezikumgangatho ophezulu, ezixhotyiswe ngokupheleleyo apho abafundi banokufumana amava asebenzayo.

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Izifundo zobunjineli kwesi sikolo zisingathwa ngoonjingalwazi abakumgangatho ophezulu, izazinzulu, kunye nabaphandi.

6. IUnited State University

IYunivesithi yaseUtah State sesinye sezona zikolo zibalaseleyo zobunjineli ezinamazinga aphezulu okwamkelwa.

Esi sikolo sibonelele ngemfundo yobunjineli yodidi oluphezulu ukusukela oko sasungulwa ngo-1888.

IYunivesithi yase-Utah State yiyunivesithi yoluntu ekhokelayo kwiinkqubo zobunjineli e-United States evelise amawaka abafundi abaphumeleleyo, ifuthe kuluntu.

Esi sikolo sigcina umlinganiselo ofanelekileyo womfundi kutitshala kwaye sikhuthaza ootitshala nabafundi ukuba bamanyane.

Imibuzo Ebuzwa Rhoqo (FAQs) kwiZikolo zobuNjineli ezineReyithi eziPhezulu zoKwamkelwa

Kuthatha ixesha elingakanani ukuba yinjineli?

Iminyaka esixhenxe ukuya kwesibhozo yokufunda kunye namava omsebenzi afuneka ngokuqhelekileyo ukufikelela kwinqanaba lobuNjineli.

Ngaba kunzima ukuba yinjineli?

Ngokwenyani, iikhosi zinzima kwaye zifuna ixesha elininzi kunye nomzamo kunedigri eqhelekileyo. Nangona kunjalo, umsebenzi onzima wekhosi kunye nokufunda okuninzi okufunekayo ukuze ufumane isidanga “sobunjineli” senza ukuba ukufikeleleka kwayo kufanelwe kukunconywa.

Ngaba iinjineli zihlawulwa kakhulu?

Ngokwe-avareji, umvuzo wenjineli uya kuba mkhulu kunalowo weminye imisebenzi emininzi. Oku kungenxa yokuba kukho imfuneko ekhulayo yabantu abanemvelaphi yezobugcisa kuqoqosho oluya luxhomekeke ngakumbi kwinkqubela phambili yezobuchwepheshe kuwo onke amacandelo.

Ngaba ubunjineli ngumsebenzi owonwabileyo?

I-87% yeenjineli eziphononongelwe ingxelo "yaneliseke kakhulu" okanye "yanelisekile" ngemisebenzi yazo. Olu hlolisiso lwabonisa nokuba ubunjineli buhamba phambili kumsebenzi wolonwabo. Uninzi lwemisebenzi yobunjineli ifuna inqanaba elithile lemvelaphi kubasebenzi ukuze ugcine iinjineli zanelisekile.

isiphelo

Ubunjineli likhondo elinomvuzo elibonelela ngeenzuzo ezininzi ezimangalisayo ekuye kwaxoxwa ngazo ngokubanzi kweli nqaku.

Ukuqalisa umsebenzi kweli candelo lolona khetho lubalaseleyo.

Esi sithuba sinikeze ngononophelo uluhlu lwezona zikolo zibalaseleyo zobunjineli ezinamazinga aphezulu okwamkelwa.

Nangona kunjalo, ukuze ugqwese kuso nasiphi na kwezo zikolo, kufuneka nifunde niliqela, niwugqibe kwangexesha umsebenzi wakho wesikolo owenzelwa ekhaya, kwaye nichithe ixesha lakho elininzi kwizifundo zakho.

Eyoyikekayo; Ndiyathemba ukuba eli nqaku liwuphendule umbuzo wakho.

Iingcebiso zomhleli:

Ukuba ufumana eli nqaku lilungile, nceda wabelane ngalo nomhlobo.