Izikole Ezingu-5+ Zobunjiniyela Ezinamazinga Aphakeme Okwamukelwa | 20237 min ifundwe

Izikole Zobunjiniyela Ezinamanani Aphakeme Okwamukelwa: Ubunjiniyela, ngokungangabazeki, bungenye yezinkambu ezibalulekile emhlabeni namuhla.

Lo mkhakha unesibopho sokuthuthukisa imishini, izisetshenziswa, nezinhlaka ezixazulula izinkinga zomphakathi.

Isiyalo sobunjiniyela siphinde sigxile ekwenzeni ngcono izinqubo zamanje, imikhiqizo, kanye nemishini.

Kodwa-ke, ukuze uzilolonge njengonjiniyela, kufanele uye esikoleni esinikeza izinhlelo zobunjiniyela futhi uthole iziqu.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, uma ungenawo amamaki angcono kakhulu okukungenisa kunoma yimaphi amakolishi obunjiniyela asezingeni lomhlaba emhlabeni, le ndatshana inconyelwe wena.

Ixoxa ngezikole zobunjiniyela ezihamba phambili ezinamanani aphezulu okwamukelwa anikeza izinga elihle lemfundo futhi ezingenazo izidingo ezinzima zokwamukelwa.

Buyini Ubunjiniyela?

Ubunjiniyela yinkambu egxile ekusetshenzisweni kwezimiso zesayensi ukuze kwakhiwe futhi kuthuthukiswe amathuluzi, izakhiwo, nemishini.

Ubunjiniyela bakhiwe izindawo eziningana zobuchwepheshe.

Lesi siyalo futhi senza izinguquko ezibalulekile ezinqubweni ezikhona, imikhiqizo, namathuluzi.

Idlala indima enkulu ekuthuthukisweni komphakathi.

Izizathu Eziphezulu Zokuba Unjiniyela

Nazi izizathu ezimbalwa ezibalulekile okufanele ube unjiniyela:

1. Izindawo eziningana ezikhethekile

Ubunjiniyela yinkambu ehlinzeka ngezindawo ezimbalwa zobuchwepheshe.

Lokhu kukuvumela ukuthi wenze ngokukhethekile endaweni oyithandayo futhi evumelana nezintshisekelo zakho.

Ezinye izindawo ezijwayelekile zobungcweti bobunjiniyela ziyi Ubunjiniyela bendalo, ubuchwepheshe be-petroleum, ubuchwepheshe kagesi, Onjiniyela bamakhemikhali, i-Civil Engineering, ubuchwepheshe bekhompyutha, nabanye abaningi.

2. Izinketho zemisebenzi eminingi

Ngale kwezindawo ezinkulu zobuchwepheshe emkhakheni wobunjiniyela, kusenezindawo ezingaphansi kochwepheshe.

Isibonelo, uma uqala umsebenzi wobunjiniyela be-petroleum, ungakhetha okukhethekile njengobunjiniyela bamanzi, ubunjiniyela bokumba, noma ubunjiniyela bokukhiqiza.

Lokhu kunweba izinketho zakho futhi kukuvumela ukuthi ukhethe okuthile okungaxhashazwanga kakhulu uma ulwela inselele.

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3. Ithemba lomsebenzi

Ucwaningo selukhombisile ukuthi kuzoba nokukhuphuka okukhulu kwesidingo sonjiniyela emhlabeni jikelele eminyakeni ezayo.

Izinkampani eziningi zonjiniyela njengamanje ziqashe abasebenzi abaningi kunangaphambili.

4. Iholo eliphezulu

Onjiniyela bangabanye bochwepheshe abakhokhelwa kakhulu emhlabeni. Laba basebenzi bathola isilinganiso sama- $70,000 emiholweni minyaka yonke.

Kodwa-ke, amaholo onjiniyela ayahluka ngokuya ngendawo yabo yobuchwepheshe, iziqu zemfundo, izinga lesipiliyoni, nendawo yokusebenza.

5. Amathuba okudala umthelela emphakathini

Onjiniyela bakha izixazululo ezinseleleni ezibhekene nomphakathi. Baphethe ngokuqhamuka nobuchwepheshe okwenza impilo ibe ngcono.

Kodwa-ke, nakuba uhlobo lwesixazululo ongalunikeza njengonjiniyela luzoncika endaweni yakho ekhethekile, ukuba unjiniyela kuyanelisa ngoba kukunikeza ithuba lokuthinta izimpilo ngendlela eyakhayo.

6. Ithuthukisa ubuhlakani

Onjiniyela bahlola izinkinga ukuze bathole izixazululo ezisebenza kahle kakhulu.

Ukufeza lokhu akuwona umsebenzi olula futhi kudinga amakhono amakhulu okudala kanye nesineke ukuze uqhubeke uhlola izixazululo ezihlukene kuze kutholakale leso esixazulula inkinga ngokuphelele.

Kufanele futhi ube nelukuluku lokwazi ukuphumelela njengonjiniyela.

Ukuzijwayeza njengonjiniyela kuzothuthukisa amakhono akho okudala. 

7. Inhlonipho

Onjiniyela bangochwepheshe abahlonishwa kakhulu emhlabeni.

Ngakho-ke, ukuba unjiniyela kuzokulethela ukuqashelwa, njengoba amalungu omphakathi ebheka onjiniyela ngamagalelo abo emphakathini.

Izikole Eziphezulu Zobunjiniyela e-United States ezinamazinga aphezulu okwamukelwa

I-1. I-Purdue University

IPurdue University ingesinye sezikole ezihamba phambili zobunjiniyela e-United States, ngenani eliphakeme lokwamukelwa.

Yize kulula ukwamukelwa kulolu hlelo lweziqu zobunjiniyela, lesi sikole sinikeza imfundo esezingeni lomhlaba.

IPurdue University ihlonishwa kakhulu emphakathini, futhi lesi sikole sesikhiqize onjiniyela iminyaka engaphezu kwekhulu.

Abathweswe iziqu ezinhlelweni zobunjiniyela kulesi sikhungo semfundo bakuthola kulula ukuthola umsebenzi, futhi abaningi babamba izindima zobuholi kulo mkhakha.

IPurdue University iyisikole esihle kakhulu semfundo yobunjiniyela e-US.

2. Texas A&M University, College Station

I-Texas A&M University, College Station, ingesinye isikole esihle kakhulu semfundo yobunjiniyela esinezinga eliphezulu lokwamukelwa.

Lesi sikole sidume ngokukhiqiza abafundi abathole iziqu zobunjiniyela abanolwazi olujulile lwengcweti yabo yobunjiniyela futhi abakwazi ukwenza imisebenzi yabo ngempumelelo ngaphandle kokudebeselela izindinganiso nezimiso zokuziphatha.

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Ngaphezu kwalokho, izinhlelo zobunjiniyela zaseTexas A&M University's College Station zinika abafundi amandla amakhono namakhono okusingatha ezinye zezinkinga ezinzima kakhulu emphakathini.

Lesi sikole sizibophezele ekusimamiseni indawo yokufunda ethuthukisa ukufunda okusezingeni eliphezulu.

I-Texas A&M University, College Station, nayo itshala imali eningi ocwaningweni emkhakheni wobunjiniyela.

Abaningi abaphothule ubunjiniyela abavela e-Texas A&M University, College Station, bafunwa kakhulu emhlabeni jikelele.

3. Inyuvesi yase-Illinois e-Urbana-Champaign

I-University of Illinois e-Urbana-Champaign ingesinye sezikole zobunjiniyela ezihamba phambili ezinamanani aphezulu okwamukelwa.

Ikolishi lobunjiniyela kule nyuvesi ehlonishwayo, edume ngeGrainger College of Engineering, ingenye yezindawo ezihamba phambili emhlabeni ngemfundo yobunjiniyela nocwaningo.

I-Grainger College of Engineering iqhutshwa umphakathi wamalungu obuhlakani ahluke kakhulu ane izindlela ezahlukene zemisebenzi.

Lesi sikole sikhuthaza ukusebenzisana phakathi kwabafundi baso namalungu obuhlakani.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, abafundi baseGrainger College of Engineering bathathwe emazweni angaphezu kwe-100, okwenza indawo yokufunda ehlukene ngokwamasiko ethuthukisa ukusebenza kwezemfundo.

Njengoba ngaphezu kwezigidi ezingama-200 zamaRandi ezifakwa ocwaningweni minyaka yonke, lesi sikole siyisikhungo socwaningo esihamba phambili e-United States.

Abafundi bobunjiniyela eNyuvesi yase-Illinois e-Urbana-Champaign bafunda emakilasini asezingeni lomhlaba, amalebhu, izikhungo zocwaningo kanye nezikhungo.

4. I-Virginia Tech College of Engineering

I-Virginia Tech College of Engineering iyisikole sobunjiniyela esihamba phambili e-United States esinezinga eliphezulu lokwamukelwa.

Lesi sikhungo sezemfundo sinikeza indlela engokoqobo yemfundo ekhulisa ulwazi namakhono abafundi kakhulu futhi ibaqeqeshe ukuthi babe abaholi nabaxazululi bezinkinga emphakathini.

Ikolishi Lobunjiniyela laseVirginia Tech lihlale likhiqiza iziqu zobunjiniyela iminyaka engaba ngu-150 futhi litshale imali eningi ocwaningweni ukuze lithole izixazululo kwezinye zezinkinga umphakathi obhekene nazo.

Uhlelo lwezemfundo kulesi sikole lubanzi, futhi isikole siphinde sibe nezindawo zokufunda ezimbalwa ezingezinye ezihamba phambili emhlabeni.

5. Montana Technological University

I-Montana Technological University ingesinye isikhungo semfundo yobunjiniyela esezingeni eliphezulu esinezinga eliphezulu lokwamukelwa.

Lesi sikole sinikela ngezinhlelo eziningi zobunjiniyela okwamanje ezidingeka kakhulu emhlabeni jikelele.

I-Montana Technological University inezikhungo zokufunda ezisezingeni eliphezulu, ezihlome ngokuphelele lapho abafundi bengathola khona ulwazi olunzulu olusebenzayo.

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Izifundo zobunjiniyela kulesi sikole zisingathwa ngoprofesa abasezingeni eliphezulu, ososayensi nabacwaningi.

I-6. I-Utah State University

I-Utah State University ingesinye sezikole zobunjiniyela ezihamba phambili ezinamanani aphezulu okwamukelwa.

Lesi sikole sihlinzeke ngemfundo yobunjiniyela esezingeni eliphezulu kusukela sasungulwa ngo-1888.

I-Utah State University iyunivesithi yomphakathi ehamba phambili ngezinhlelo zobunjiniyela e-United States esikhiqize izinkulungwane zabathweswe iziqu, ezinomthelela emphakathini.

Lesi sikole sigcina isilinganiso esihle somfundi nothisha futhi sikhuthaza othisha nabafundi ukuthi babe nesibopho.

Imibuzo Evame Ukubuzwa (FAQs) Ezikoleni Zobunjiniyela Ezinamanani Aphakeme Okwamukelwa

Kuthatha isikhathi esingakanani ukuba unjiniyela?

Iminyaka eyisikhombisa kuya kweyisishiyagalombili yokufunda kanye nesipiliyoni somsebenzi ngokuvamile siyafuneka ukuze ufinyelele ezingeni likaNjiniyela.

Ingabe kunzima ukuba unjiniyela?

Eqinisweni, izifundo ziyinselele futhi zidinga isikhathi nomzamo owengeziwe kunedigri evamile. Kodwa-ke, umsebenzi wezifundo onzima kanye nokufunda okubanzi okudingekayo ukuze uthole iziqu “zobunjiniyela” kwenza ukuzuzwa kwakho kukufanelekele ukunconywa.

Ingabe onjiniyela bakhokhelwa kakhulu?

Ngokwesilinganiso, iholo likanjiniyela lizoba likhulu kuneleminye imisebenzi eminingi. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi kunesidingo esikhulayo sabantu abanesizinda sobuchwepheshe emnothweni oncike kakhulu entuthukweni yezobuchwepheshe kuyo yonke imikhakha.

Ingabe ubunjiniyela kuwumsebenzi ojabulisayo?

U-87% wonjiniyela abavotwayo babike ukuthi “baneliseke kakhulu” noma “baneliseke” ngemisebenzi yabo. Lolu cwaningo luphinde lwathi ubunjiniyela buhamba phambili emsebenzini wenjabulo. Imisebenzi eminingi yobunjiniyela idinga izinga elithile lokuvela kubasebenzi ukuze kugcinwe onjiniyela banelisekile.

Isiphetho

Ubunjiniyela buyindlela evuzayo yomsebenzi enikeza izinzuzo eziningi ezimangalisayo okuxoxwe ngazo kabanzi kulesi sihloko.

Ukuqala umsebenzi kulo mkhakha kuyisinqumo esihle kakhulu.

Lokhu okuthunyelwe kunikeze ngokucophelela uhlu lwezinye zezikole zobunjiniyela ezihamba phambili ezinamanani aphezulu okwamukelwa.

Kodwa-ke, ukuze uphumelele kunoma yisiphi salezo zikole, kufanele ufunde njengeqembu, uqedele umsebenzi wakho wesikole ngesikhathi, futhi unikele isikhathi sakho esiningi ezifundweni zakho.

Owesabekayo; Ngithemba ukuthi lesi sihloko siyawuphendula umbuzo wakho.

Izincomo Zomhleli:

Uma uthola lesi sihloko sisihle, sicela wabelane ngaso nomngane.