Indirect Instruction

Indirect Instruction (Everything you need to know)3 min read

Teaching a lesson involves indirect instruction and instructional decisions. The teacher handling the lesson must be able to identify the following:

The instructional framework shows the interrelationship amongst the instructional approaches that are used. These instructional approaches have been consistent with educational practice.

Levels of the instructional framework

The levels of the instructional framework starting from the broad angle down to the specific angle:

Instructional Models

The instructional practices involved here are the broadest.  They are used for the structuring of teaching methods, the strategies involved, the activities done by the students, and the various skills involved.

We have four instructional models:

  • Information processing
  • Behavioral aspect
  • Social interaction
  • Personal aspect.

Instructional Strategies

This determines the approach the teacher takes to teach the students. We have different strategies through which learning can be achieved:

  • Direct strategy
  • Indirect strategy
  • Interactive strategy
  • Experiential strategy
  • Independent strategy

Instructional Methods

These are the various ways through which the teacher programs the learning environment to suit the students, so they can learn better.

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Instructional Skills

The instructional skills are the most specific. The skills which are technical include:

  • Questioning
  • Discussing
  • Direction-giving
  • Explaining
  • Demonstrating.

The skills also include some actions which are:

  • Planning
  • Structuring
  • Focusing
  • Managing.

In this article, we will be focusing mainly on the instructional strategies which is made up of the direct strategy and more of Indirect Instruction.

The direct strategy

The teacher is the active one here. The possible methods in direct strategy are these:

  • Structured Overview
  • Lecture
  • Explicit Teaching
  • Drill & Practice
  • Compare & Contrast
  • Didactic Questions
  • Demonstrations
  • Guided & Shared – reading, listening, viewing, thinking

These methods help to build the knowledge capacity of the students.

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Indirect Instruction

It deals mainly with the involvement of the student. It draws its strength from the student’s curiosity and academic interest. But on the other hand, it helps the students get their own alternatives, do their own investigation, and form their hypotheses.

Indirect instruction has other names that can be used synonymously; they are Inquiry, induction, problem solving, decision making, and discovery. There are some strategies involved in indirect instruction:

  • Group discussion
  • Student self-evaluation
  • Advanced Organizers
Group Discussion

Here the students meet together and share their views together. They talk about different concepts and what they think about it.

The students learn to communicate amongst themselves and even contribute ideas based on deeper understanding. The students can challenge themselves to come up with something outside the box.

Self evaluation

Here the students take a test and get to assess their performance themselves. As they do that, they get to know where they are having issues and where their strength lies.

The teacher can guide them based on their performances.

Advanced Organizers

An image is provided to help the students decode what they are seeing at the moment. The organizers or teachers involved explain the image to them indirectly to help them understand better.

Benefits of Indirect instruction

  • It is a flexible way of teaching.
  • It allows the students to explore the diverse alternatives.
  • The fear that comes from giving incorrect answers is removed.
  • This can ignite the creative aspect of the students.
  • It helps them develop skills and other abilities.
  • The learning capability is greatly developed by working interactively with the students.
  • The learning environment is arranged in such a way that it benefits the students greatly.
  • This strategy can be used by the teacher in almost every lesson.

Disadvantages of Indirect instruction

  • It consumes more time.
  • The lesson outcomes cannot be predicted.
  • The environment is less safe.

The direct and indirect mode of teaching works hand in glove at times. They both should be used together to get maximum results.

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