GORT Test (Meaning, Goal, Assessment, Limitations, Functions)2 min read

GORT stands for Gray Oral Reading Test. Children are expected to partake in the GORT test to help in oral reading and comprehension of passages.

The Gray Oral Reading Test (GORT) measures reading fluency and comprehension as the child reads.

Information about rate and accuracy is important because children who read slowly take longer to complete assignments and understand and remember less of what they have read.

This article gives a guide on the GORT test, the uses and how to make the most out of the test.

Goal of the GORT Test:

Dr. William S. Gray was significant in the advancement of the Gray Oral Reading Test (GORT) as a founding member and president of the International Reading Association in 1963.

As an alternative to silent reading tests, the GORT was developed to measure students’ oral reading abilities (i.e. Speed, Accuracy, Fluency, and Comprehension).

The GORT’s goals are to identify students with oral reading talents and challenges, define strengths and weaknesses, assess student progress, and provide a standardized norm-referenced test for reading research with school-aged children.

Teachers, school psychologists, and diagnosticians who are skilled informal assessment should administer the GORT test to each test taker.

Assessment with GORT Test:

It is safe to say that the GORT is a comprehensive oral reading test with good psychometric qualities on its whole.

Teachers and administrators can utilize this test to assess pupils with reading challenges, track the development of students, and give valuable information for researchers when used by trained experts (in conjunction with parent and teacher observations).

The goal is also to assist the child with this issue in becoming better as a means of overcoming their weaknesses.

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The Gray Oral Reading Test assesses reading speed, accuracy, fluency, and comprehension through oral reading.

It also provides an Oral Reading Index, a combined measure of fluency and comprehension for proper assessment.

Functions of the GORT Test:

The GORT has four primary functions:

  • Determine the degree of the problem to know how to help pupils who are significantly behind their peers in oral reading.
  • To uncover previously unknown oral reading skills and shortcomings in particular students.
  • To keep track of kids’ progress in special intervention programs both in and out of the classroom.
  • Useful in studies of reading among school-aged children.

Limitation of the Gray Oral Reading Test (GORT Test)

  • To assess the effectiveness of programs and demonstrate student improvement, legal or regulatory requirements entail many testing and retesting sessions.
  • To verify that pupils have not memorized the test, two or more test versions should be available.


The GORT test started with the GORT-1 and has successfully plied up to GORT-5, also aimed at improving the child yearly.

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