Types of Reading

Types of Reading (Meaning, benefits)5 min read

Reading is a very important action to practice. The act of reading provides knowledge on all sorts of things. However, almost all knowledge has been documented and can be read. In this article, you will be introduced to the different types of reading, thereby giving you a choice to pick the type or types appropriate for different occasions.

What is Reading?

Reading involves multiple processes, which are recognition of words, comprehension of words, and fluency in interpreting the words.

Reading can also be defined as finding motivation and getting meaning from print. However, reading improves our lives in different ways.

There are different types of reading, so finding the appropriate type is precedent because the correct reading type enhances the reading process.

Types of Reading

Benefits of Reading:

Connection with people:

Readers become great conversation starters through reading books as there are plenty of topics and points to discuss. They also have vast knowledge and can become great storytellers, therefore becoming the center of attention.

Improvement in speaking and writing skills:

As readers have a vast amount of knowledge, they do not lack words, therefore, improving their speaking and writing skills.

Reading adds values and characteristics to readers like friendliness, humility, and selflessness. As they read books of history and stories, they learn through past mistakes, thus creating corrections for the mistakes.

Reading replaces loneliness:

Books can be different things, and they can guide you and keep you grounded. Stories can make you relate with people, thereby removing loneliness and solving hidden harmful characteristics.

Source of knowledge:

Reading can help you learn and master a language. Through books, you increase and improve your vocabulary. On the other hand, all the types of reading, focuses on knowledge as the end point.

Focus of attention:

Nowadays, attention is divided between different things and responsibilities, thus reducing focus and lowering productivity, but your attention becomes focused when reading.

Strength to the mind:

It strengthens the mental capacity as it drastically improves thinking, analytical abilities, and also comprehension capabilities. Reading is the best exercise for the mind and brain, however, it makes the mind works faster, thereby increasing the speed at which you process knowledge.

At the same time, reading teaches and shows individuals new perspectives and new directions, helping individuals find their paths as their perspectives and knowledge has been broadened.

Calmness to the mind:

Reading relaxes the mind, therefore, helping individuals to recharge energy faster and fall asleep easier. However, it is a form of entertainment.

Escape from reality:

This is not always a bad thing as stories are forms of entertainment. It can make people relax and laugh, therefore making it a good form of entertainment.

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Types of Reading:

  • Extensive Reading
  • Intensive Reading
  • Skimming
  • Scanning

Extensive Reading:

Extensive reading is one of the types of reading that focuses on new and general knowledge.

This type of reading is mostly used and advisable to use in reading for pleasure as it is evident when reading novels, art, stories, and so on.

Extensive reading is the mode and technique used for texts, documents, and literature that readers do not like.

Using this mode or technique, the reader will gain only a general understanding and comprehension of the text or whatever that is being read.

At the same time, using this mode or technique, the reader doesn’t stop reading even if a particular word isn’t understood, as that word might not affect their understanding of the story being read.

The knowledge mostly taken out from reading using this mode or technique is generally important to the reader.

Intensive Reading

Intensive reading is the act of reading in which the reader focuses on details, and every piece of information is intensively examined. Here, the reader takes a longer time to finish a document or a literature work.

This act, mode, or reading technique is more time-consuming than extensive reading, skimming, and scanning. However, every word is being paid attention to and must be fully understood.

An intensive reader also has the chance to analyze and question the knowledge being gained; this implies that the comprehension must be accurate and fluent.

This mode is used for specific purposes, such as dealing with specific questions related to vocabulary or other knowledge. Intensive reading mode is crucial for language learners.

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Types of Reading


Skimming is defined as the act of viewing a text quickly to find out whether it is useful to the reader or whether the text has the information needed. It is also known or referred to as “Gist reading.”

Using this technique, the reader doesn’t go through each word of the text but focuses on the main information, core, or theme.

The reader using this technique doesn’t read the text very carefully, as they are not looking for a specific fact but are looking for a cursory overview and general storyline of the text.

Readers use this technique to find whether a particular book contains their interest. Examples include; looking at the headlines of magazines or newspapers, going through data or reports to get a general idea of the topic, looking through a book before buying, and many others.


Scanning is the act, mode, or technique in which the reader shuttles through sentences in a text to find out detailed information. Using this model, the reader looks for the necessary information required in a text.

This mood or technique is also known as “Diagonal reading.” The reader performing this act rejects information not required.

Examples include; looking through the newspaper or internet to find the recent scores of the Premier League matches, a particular address in a company database, and many others.

Types of Reading


In this article you have been shown the different types of reading; choosing the appropriate type for the particular reason you are about to read is very important.

Each of these different types of reading is best for different occasions. Thus, improve your reading skills today and become the leader of tomorrow.

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